Sunday, May 17, 2015

Major Keys: Reference Examples & Worksheets

Interval and Triad Reference
Major Keys
Degree Function
Tonic
Supertonic
Mediant
Sub-dominant
Dominant
Sub-mediant
Leading Tone
Tonic
Scale Degree
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
Solfege
Do
Re
Mi
Fa
Sol
La
Ti
Do
Example
In The Key of
C Major
C
D
E
F
G
A
B
C
(* Half steps between 3-4 and 7-1 are shaded.  The remaining consecutive intervals are whole steps.)
TRIADS
TRIAD
I
ii
iii
IV
V7
vi
viio
I
Triad
Placement

5
3
R

5
3
1

G
E
C

6
4
2

A
F
D

7
5
3

B
G
E

1
6
4

C
A
F
4
2
7
5
F
D
B
G

3
1
6

E
C
A

4
2
7

F
D
B

5
3
1

G
E
C
Example
In The Key of
C Major
C
dm
em
F
G7
am
Bdim
C
Every Triad has a Root, Third, and Fifth.  The Root is rooted in the scale degree upon which the triad is built. For instance the Root of a IV triad is 4th degree, the 3rd of a IV triad is 6th degree, and the 5th of the IV triad is 1st degree. When applied to the Key of C Major we discover that our IV chord is an F major chord as its root is built upon F (the 4th degree of the C Major scale - The 3rd of this chord is A and the 5th is C.)
Three types of Triads in a Major Key
Triad Classifications
MAJOR TRIADS
These contain a M3 between the Root and 3rd but a m3 between the 3rd and 5th  - resulting in a P5 between Root and 5th
minor Triads
These contain a m3 between the Root and 3rd but a M3 between the 3rd and 5th - resulting in a P5 between Root and 5th
Diminished triad
This contains a m3 between both the Root and 3rd AND the 3rd and 5th - resulting in a diminished 5th between Root and 5th.
Roman numerals
I, IV, V7
ii, iii, vi
viio
Key of C Major
C, F, G7
dm, em, am
b diminished




Interval and Triad Reference
Major Keys
Degree Function
Tonic
Supertonic
Mediant
Sub-dominant
Dominant
Sub-mediant
Leading Tone
Tonic
Scale Degree
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
Solfege
Do
Re
Mi
Fa
Sol
La
Ti
Do
Example
In The Key of
F Major
F
G
A
Bb
C
D
E
F
(* Half steps between 3-4 and 7-1 are shaded.  The remaining consecutive intervals are whole steps.)
TRIADS
TRIAD
I
ii
iii
IV
V7
vi
viio
I
Triad
Placement

5
3
R

5
3
1

C
A
F

6
4
2

D
Bb
G

7
5
3

E
C
A

1
6
4

F
D
Bb
4
2
7
5
Bb
G
E
C

3
1
6

A
F
D

4
2
7

Bb
G
E

5
3
1

C
A
F
Example
In The Key of
F Major
F
Gm
Am
Bb
C7
dm
Edim
F
Every Triad has a Root, Third, and Fifth.  The Root is rooted in the scale degree upon which the triad is built. For instance the Root of a IV triad is 4th degree, the 3rd of a IV triad is 6th degree, and the 5th of the IV triad is 1st degree. When applied to the Key of F Major we discover that our IV chord is an Bb major chord as its root is built upon Bb (the 4th degree of the F Major scale - The 3rd of this chord is D and the 5th is F.)
Three types of Triads in a Major Key
Triad Classifications
MAJOR TRIADS
These contain a M3 between the Root and 3rd but a m3 between the 3rd and 5th  - resulting in a P5 between Root and 5th
minor Triads
These contain a m3 between the Root and 3rd but a M3 between the 3rd and 5th - resulting in a P5 between Root and 5th
Diminished triad
This contains a m3 between both the Root and 3rd AND the 3rd and 5th - resulting in a diminished 5th between Root and 5th.
Roman numerals
I, IV, V7
ii, iii, vi
viio
Key of F Major
F, Bb, C7
gm, am, dm
e diminished




Interval and Triad Reference
Major Keys
Degree Function
Tonic
Supertonic
Mediant
Sub-dominant
Dominant
Sub-mediant
Leading Tone
Tonic
Scale Degree
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
Solfege
Do
Re
Mi
Fa
Sol
La
Ti
Do
Example
In The Key of
G Major
G
A
B
C
D
E
F#
G
(* Half steps between 3-4 and 7-1 are shaded.  The remaining consecutive intervals are whole steps.)
TRIADS
TRIAD
I
ii
iii
IV
V7
Vi
viio
I
Triad
Placement

5
3
R

5
3
1

D
B
G

6
4
2

E
C
A

7
5
3

F#
D
B

1
6
4

G
E
C
4
2
7
5
C
A
F#
D

3
1
6

B
G
E

4
2
7

C
A
F#

5
3
1

D
B
G
Example
In The Key of
G Major
G
am
bm
C
D7
em
f#dim
G
Every Triad has a Root, Third, and Fifth.  The Root is rooted in the scale degree upon which the triad is built. For instance the Root of a IV triad is 4th degree, the 3rd of a IV triad is 6th degree, and the 5th of the IV triad is 1st degree. When applied to the Key of G Major we discover that our IV chord is a C major chord as its root is built upon C (the 4th degree of the G Major scale - The 3rd of this chord is E and the 5th is G.)
Three types of Triads in a Major Key
Triad Classifications
MAJOR TRIADS
These contain a M3 between the Root and 3rd but a m3 between the 3rd and 5th  - resulting in a P5 between Root and 5th
minor Triads
These contain a m3 between the Root and 3rd but a M3 between the 3rd and 5th - resulting in a P5 between Root and 5th
Diminished triad
This contains a m3 between both the Root and 3rd AND the 3rd and 5th - resulting in a diminished 5th between Root and 5th.
Roman numerals
I, IV, V7
ii, iii, vi
viio
Key of G Major
G, C, D7
am, bm, em
f# diminished




Interval and Triad Reference
Major Keys
Degree Function
Tonic
Supertonic
Mediant
Sub-dominant
Dominant
Sub-mediant
Leading Tone
Tonic
Scale Degree
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
Solfege
Do
Re
Mi
Fa
Sol
La
Ti
Do
Example
In The Key of
__ Major
__
__
__
__
__
__
__
__
(* Half steps between 3-4 and 7-1 are shaded.  The remaining consecutive intervals are whole steps.)
TRIADS
TRIAD
I
ii
iii
IV
V7
Vi
viio
I
Triad
Placement

5
3
R

5
3
1



6
4
2



7
5
3



1
6
4


4
2
7
5


3
1
6


4
2
7



5
3
1


Example
In The Key of
__ Major
__
__m
__m
__
__7
__m
__dim
__
Every Triad has a Root, Third, and Fifth.  The Root is rooted in the scale degree upon which the triad is built. For instance the Root of a IV triad is 4th degree, the 3rd of a IV triad is 6th degree, and the 5th of the IV triad is 1st degree. When applied to the Key of G Major we discover that our IV chord is a C major chord as its root is built upon C (the 4th degree of the G Major scale - The 3rd of this chord is E and the 5th is G.)
Three types of Triads in a Major Key

Triad Classifications
MAJOR TRIADS
These contain a M3 between the Root and 3rd but a m3 between the 3rd and 5th  - resulting in a P5 between Root and 5th
minor Triads
These contain a m3 between the Root and 3rd but a M3 between the 3rd and 5th - resulting in a P5 between Root and 5th
Diminished triad
This contains a m3 between both the Root and 3rd AND the 3rd and 5th - resulting in a diminished 5th between Root and 5th.
Roman numerals
I, IV, V7
ii, iii, vi
viio
Key of __ Major